THE SERVANT GENERAL
is the work of servant leaders? Here is the instruction of
the first pope.
I exhort the presbyters among you, as a fellow presbyter
and witness to the sufferings of Christ and one who has
a share in the glory to be revealed. Tend the flock of God
in your midst, overseeing not by constraint but willingly,
as God would have it, not for shameful profit but eagerly.
Do not lord it over those assigned to you, but be examples
to the flock. And when the chief Shepherd is revealed, you
will receive the unfading crown of glory.” (1 Pt 5:1-4)
Here in a nutshell are the marching orders for servant leaders.
What does it mean?
Peter is addressing presbyters. Presbyters are the officially
appointed leaders and teachers of the Christian community.
They were appointed for each church that was set up by the
apostles (Acts 14:23), and later for each church in every
town set up by others mandated by the apostles (Ti 1:5). The
presbyters shared with the apostles in the governance of the
whole Church (Acts 15:6,22,23).
Presbyters (presbyteros) were also called bishops (episkopos)
(Ti 1:5,7; Acts 20:17,28). The Greek term episkopos means
“one who oversees” or “one who supervises.”
In Christian communities such as CFC-FFL, the overseer of
the particular community in the diocese is the District Head,
supported by the Chapter Heads for the local communities in
the parishes. However, there are also many other functions
that are categorized as overseers, or “elders,”
or “seniors” (in current CFC-FFL usage). Further,
there are also other positions of servant leadership.
As a Catholic movement that is fully a part of the Roman Catholic
Church, CFC-FFL’s seniors and members are subject to
the overall authority of the Church hierarchy.
people of God
In our work of leading people, one of the most important aspects
is to realize that we are taking care of the flock of God.
God’s people belong to Him, not to us. This has certain
First, it is such a great privilege. We do the very work of
God! We care for God’s own people! God puts us in His
place with regard to the well-being of His people. God takes
a chance on us, entrusting to us the people He loves and whom
Jesus died for. We become instruments of His grace and blessings
it is such a great responsibility. God went to extreme lengths
to win salvation for all, sending His very own Son Jesus to
the cross. God wants all to be saved and to make it home to
heaven. But first they have to travel the narrow path in a
world that is in darkness. That is a great challenge, and
many people lose their way. Jesus now enlists us to help his
flock along that path. Though every person needs to take responsibility
for his own response to Jesus, God intends His servant leaders
to play a big role as well.
Third, we are not free to care for people the way we want
to or the way we believe is best. We care for them according
to how God would have cared for them. That necessitates that
we know God and His ways more and more. We shed off our secular
minds and put on the mind of Christ. We eschew worldly wisdom
and take on godly wisdom, which many times can lead us to
be fools for Christ.
flock of God
Jesus is the chief Shepherd and we are delegated co-workers.
The people of God are the flock. This speaks about the kind
of care that we are to give. It is pastoral care. What does
Let us consider the role of a shepherd. Since Jesus is the
chief Shepherd, we look to his definition. Jesus says, “I
am the good shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his life for
the sheep.” (Jn 10:11). Jesus pins down the most basic
requirement for a shepherd, and that is, to be willing to
lay down one’s life for the flock. This is the call
to unilateral, unconditional and self-sacrificial love. We
are to be ready to give our all, without holding anything
back, even our very lives.
Practically speaking, how do we give pastoral care to those
under us? Peter gives some particulars.
First, we do it not by constraint but willingly. Servant leadership
is something we volunteer to do, because we want to serve
Jesus and God’s people. We are not just ordered to take
on this service, we are not compelled, but rather we are requested
to do so. We are not just forced into it by circumstances,
though at times circumstances conspire to bring out what is
good in us with regard to serving. We do not grudgingly accept
to serve, while repressing our negative feelings, but rather
we joyfully take on the challenge.
we do it not for shameful profit. It is not a job, it is not
a secular undertaking, it is not to carry out our own agenda.
Our only profit should be our reward in heaven, and on earth
the satisfaction that we have served. Any focus on our own
personal benefit, whether material or otherwise, would be
a shame. Thus we never look to personal advantage, whether
making money, having power and influence, building turf, being
acclaimed, or the like.
we do it eagerly. This means enthusiasm, zeal, intense interest,
strong and urgent desire, quick responsiveness. The task is
important. We are standing in for Jesus himself. Our efforts
can have eternal consequences. It is one of the best things
we can do in our lives. It is worth investing our time and
we do not lord it over those under us. Though we have God’s
authority, it is given so we can serve. Though we are authoritative,
we are not authoritarian. Though we issue directives, we are
not dictators. Though we pastor, we do not run the lives of
people. Though subordinates are to obey their leaders, we
do not seek blind obedience. Though we correct, we are open
to correction, even from subordinates. Though we are leaders,
we are servants. Though we are first, we are the least of
we are to be examples to the flock. We live what we teach.
We model how to follow Jesus. Though we face personal challenges
in responding to God, we are on our walk towards holiness.
We see that in all of these, Peter stresses the proper attitude
or posture. He is not after the technicalities of doing a
job, that is, what tasks to perform, though those would be
important as well, but rather he is concerned about the condition
of the servant’s heart. If the heart is right, then
everything else would fall into place.
Servant leadership is hard and challenging work. Many times
it seems unrewarding, as even the people we serve would not
appreciate what we do for them. Thus Peter even mentions his
being “witness to the sufferings of Christ.” Jesus
is the chief Shepherd and so is our model. He is the suffering
servant (Is 53:3-11). He was spurned, stricken, afflicted,
crushed, oppressed and condemned. But precisely through his
suffering, he justified many (Is 53:11b). We walk the way
of Jesus. As such, we open ourselves to affliction for the
sake of others.
But God is never outdone in generosity. In His love and justice,
He also rewards those who serve. As such, Peter counts himself
as “one who has a share in the glory to be revealed.”
We do spiritual work so we receive spiritual wages. We look
forward to the unfading crown of glory, to be given by the
chief Shepherd himself. This is a great treasure, far surpassing
any material rewards. This is wonderful recognition, not by
worldly acclaim, but by God Himself. This is satisfaction
not only for the moment, but for all eternity.
Just like Peter, as your co-servant, I thus exhort the servant
leaders among you: go tend to the flock in your midst.
(March 22, 2009)
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